Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) are result of an injury to the related soft tissues, muscles, ligaments, tendons, joints, nerves or blood vessels. It could also include strain, sprain and inflammation that may be caused or aggravated by work. Most of these injuries are result of working in an awkward or fixed body position, constant repetition of movement & concentrated force on the joints. This could be exasperated if an individual is working at a constant stretch or enough recovery time between movements is not allowed.
In a study by CDC 2011 revealed that U.S. companies spent 50 billion dollars on direct costs of MSDs, whereas OSHA assessments claims that Indirect costs can be up to five times the direct costs of MSDs.
OTHER NAMES OF WMSDs
It’s hard to define WMSDs with traditional classification of disease & therefore these disorders have received series of names overtime, such as:
- Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs)
- Repetitive strain injury (RSI)
- Repetitive motion injuries
- Cumulative trauma disorders (CTD)
- Overuse syndrome.
- Regional musculoskeletal disorders.
HOW WMSDs EFFECT WORK
Healthy employees are the biggest asset to any organisation, by applying ergonomic principles at your workplace a range issues can be encountered. These ergonomic principles won’t only improve the user interaction with their workstation but will improve the following factors:
EFFECTS OF WMSDs
MSDs can lead to suffering, loss of productivity and economic burdens whilst living with an unpleasant experience at work. The early sign and symptoms of MSDs can lead to the following:
- Muscle strains to the neck, back, shoulders or legs.
- Tension neck syndrome.
- Tendonitis (swelling of a tendon)
- Epicondylitis (elbow tendonitis)
- Carpal tunnel syndrome (pressure on a nerve in the writs, resulting in numbness, tingling, pain or weakness in the hand, wrist or forearm)
- DeQuervain’s disease (pain at the base of thumb)
Therefore these disorders should be identified at their earliest because treatment becomes less effective the longer the hazard goes on; as a wise man said “PREVENTION IS BETTER THAN CURE”.
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