Indian workers are spending longer than ever at work, impacting more than just work-life balance. Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) in neck and upper extremities are common in the working population in industrial countries. However, according to a review of epidemiological studies, the reported prevalence varies considerably across occupations and working populations. The annual prevalence of neck pain ranged from 19% to 48% and the range for upper-extremity MSDs was 12-41%. In addition to the suffering and decreased quality of life for the individual, these disorders cause a heavy economic burden on society due to costs connected to sick leave, poorer work performance and reduced productivity.

Factors causing

  • AWKWARD POSTURE: awkward posture refers to positions of the body that deviate significantly from the neutral position while job tasks are performed, thereby increasing the risk of injury. The greater the deviation from neutral, the greater is the risk of injury. Awkward postures increase the exertion and muscle force required to perform the task and compress soft tissues like nerves, tendons, and blood vessels.
  • FORCE: force refers to the physical effort needed to accomplish a motion or task. Force also refers to the degree of loading to muscles and other tissues, such as the additional physical effort that may be needed to perform tasks at increased speed or in an awkward posture. Tasks or motions that require application of higher forces place higher mechanical loads on muscles, tendons, ligaments, and joints.
  • CONTACT STRESS: contact stress results from continuous contact between a hard object and sensitive tissues. Force and repetition combine to produce mechanical friction on soft tissue and tendons that is increased when forceful exertion is used.
  • REPETITION: repetition is the frequency at which a motion or task is repeated with little variation in movement. High repetition is a similar motion performed every few seconds. The risk of WMSD’s due to repetition is increased when high repetition is sustained over a significant period of time and combined with force, awkward postures, acceleration and velocity.

But there are simple ways to prevent urself, using prevention strategies!

Common MSDs

  • Tendonitis (also tendinitis).
  • Lateral epicondylitis (tenniselbow)
  • Medical epicondylitis (golfer’s elbow)
  • Tenosynovitis.
  • Trigger finger
  • Cervical spondylitis
  • de Quervain’s disease
  • Raynaud’s phenomenon
  • Thoracic outlet syndrome (pain in neck, arm and hand)
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome
  • Back strain/sprain

Working smart means wringing maximum production from your work schedule